The difinition of nobel peace prize : The Nobel Peace Prize is one of six awards in the memory of Alfred Nobel, the inventor of Dynamite. Every year the organization gives out six awards for the people "who best benefit mankind through their actions" in one of the six subjects; peace, literature, physics, chemistry, economics, and medicine. The Peace Prize is given out in Norway, but the other Prizes are given out in Sweden. This is because Norway and Sweden were one country when the prizes were started. The winners of nobel peace prize: 2001 Kofi Annan (Ghana) The United Nations and Secretary-General for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world" 2002 Jimmy Carter (USA) - former President of the United States for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development" 2003 Shirin Ebadi (Iran) "for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children." 2004 Wangari Maathai (Kenya) "for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace" 2005 The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Mohamed ElBaradei(Egypt) for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way" 2006 Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank "for their efforts to create economic and social development from below" 2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and Albert Arnold Gore Jr "for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change" 2008 Martti Ahtisaari for his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts" 2009 Barack Obama for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples." 2010 Liu Xiaobo "for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China"